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What are the Different Types of Wheelchairs

Views: 24     Author: Maidesite     Publish Time: 2021-09-16      Origin: Maidesite

What are the Different Types of Wheelchairs

Generally speaking, wheelchairs can be divided into different types according to specific sorting ways. According to the drive mode, wheelchair is divided into manual wheelchair and electric wheelchair or power wheelchair. For the structure, there are foldable wheelchair and unfoldable wheelchairs. For users, it can be divided into adult wheelchair, pediatric wheelchair. As for functions, there are regular wheelchair, wheelchair for hemiplegia, wheelchair for amputation, sports wheelchair.


More specific:

Manual attendant wheelchair which is propelled by companion

Powered attendant-controlled wheelchair

Bimanual rear-wheel-driven wheelchair which is to propel the wheelrim or rear wheel by user.

Bimanual front-wheel-driven wheelchair which is to propel the wheelrim or front wheel by user.

Bimanual lever-wheel-driven wheelchair which is propelled by operating the lever

Single - side - driven non-powered wheelchair. User can use the arm which is strong and dexterous to propel the handrim.

Foot-driven wheelchair which is pushed by foot of user

Electric/motor - driven wheelchair with manual steering/joystick

How to Classify?

General Kinds: manual wheelchair, electric/power wheelchair, pediatric wheelchair, sports wheelchair, customized wheelchair.

Power of Propulsion: manual wheelchair, electric/power wheelchair, hand-cranked wheelchair, pedal wheelchair.

Material of the frame: steel, aluminum alloy, stainless steel, titanium alloy, carbon fiber, wooden.

Functions: basic wheelchair, lightweight attendant wheelchair, potable wheelchair, high back attendant wheelchair, heavy duty wheelchair, pediatric wheelchair, multifuntion wheelchair.

Features of Different Wheelchairs

Steel wheelchair: heavy and suitable for users who do not move frequently and have limited economic conditions. It is not suitable for use in a humid environment and is prone to rust. After being scrapped, it is not conducive to recycling and reuse.

Aluminum alloy wheelchair: suitable for users who live in high - rise buildings. Very friendly for the mobility of user. Not easy to rust in damp environment.

Solid tyre wheelchair: tubeless tires, no need to inflation, simple maintenance, not very cheap; heavy and poor damping effect, suitable for even road.

Inflatable tire wheelchair: lightweight, good shock absorption function, suitable for indoor and outdoor use.

Ordinary wheelchair with commode: it is suitable for occupants who are suffering from paralysis from the waist down. Low backrest wheelchair with commode is suitable for paraplegic who are easy to incontinence, but with strong upper body control ability; removable toilet seat cushion is convenient for nursing staff to timely care.

High backrest semi-recumbent, full-lying nursing wheelchair: suitable for apoplectic, paralysis and other occupants with weak body control; semi-recumbent back allows occupants to drive more smoothly.

High back reclining seat wheelchair: suitable for apoplectic, paralysis and other occupants with weak body control. The removable cushion can be quickly draw out, convenient for daily care; the adjustable leg rest with pedal is easy for the occupant to relieve the foot. Detachable leg rest can shorten the occupant's moving distance; with the anti-tipping wheel, it plays a role of preventing back-turning, making the wheelchair more stable in the backward tilting state.

Multi-functional wheelchair: swing in/out armrests, footrest wheelchairs. The armrests, footrests can be disassembled or lifted to dock with the bed or seat, and can be moved safely and conveniently. It is suitable for paralyzed patients and those who need to move out of the chair. Detachable footrest can shorten the occupant's moving distance; when the short armrest is moved, the wheelchair is close to the dining table, the wheelchair with short armrest is selected, so that the occupant can eat close to the table; it is suitable for frequent wheelchairs to be placed in the trunk of the car or in the space between the two rows of seats in the car.

Pediatric wheelchair: multi-functional pediatric wheelchair, the backrest can be folded. This chair is small size, which is easy to carry and store.

Portable wheelchair: fixed armrest, footrest that can be flipped up and folded, the back can be folded. After folding, it is small in size and can be placed in the trunk of the car or in the middle of the two rows of seats in the car. The weight of the whole car is light enough.

Lightweight attendant wheelchair: The rear wheel size is usually 16 inches or less. It does not have a wheelchair rim. It is suitable for people who have mobility obstruction or suffer from dementia. It is used by occupants who need special care.

Electric wheelchair

◆ Foldable electric wheelchair, dual battery, rear wheel dual motor driven

◆ strong ability to climb and negotiate obstacles, while distributing force on the whole vehicle evenly, it is easy to keep the chair stable.

◆ Universal controller, easy to operate, simple, safer to use, comfortable cushions

◆ Suitable for people who have good economic conditions and need to use a wheelchair for long distances