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What are all the Types of Wheelchairs to Choose From?

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What are all the Types of Wheelchairs to Choose From?



If you need additional assistance approaching your need for a new wheelchair, Maidesite is happy to help. We have included a helpful glossary below of all the different types of wheelchair options. Please contact our team for further assistance with your selection, or search our resource guides for more information.


Wheelchair Glossary  


All-Terrain Wheelchair - Available in both manual and power models, an all-terrain wheelchair is specially designed to safely travel over rough terrains, such as dirt, grass, gravel, sand, snow, and even into water, when supervised. Also known as an outdoor wheelchair, they're often equipped with oversized balloon-type wheels that enhance maneuverability and stability and use non-corrosive materials to withstand all types of weather.


Ergonomic Wheelchair - Specifically configured to support the human body along its natural contours, ergonomic wheelchairs are also lightweight and easy to maneuver. Factors such as height, weight, body distribution, and temperature preferences are all taken into account to assist in reducing or preventing pressure points, shear, and discomfort. Proper positioning helps to redistribute the user's weight, enhancing stabilization.


High-Back Reclining Wheelchair - With a back that's higher than standard wheelchairs, a high-back reclining wheelchair facilitates reclining to a 180-degree position from a 90-degree sitting angle, improving comfort and circulation. This repositioning support is ideal for wheelchair users requiring extra support due to respiratory difficulties, poor trunk or core stability, severe arthritis, quadriplegia, severe multiple sclerosis, or muscular dystrophy.


Lightweight Wheelchair - Generally weighing less than 50 pounds, lightweight wheelchairs are almost always manual in design and typically made from aluminum, but can also incorporate steel and other metals. They're easier for riders to maneuver and propel, along with being lighter for caregivers to push. Lightweight wheelchairs also offer simple portability, with many that fold down to fit in a vehicle for transport.


Manual (Self-propelled) Wheelchair - As the most common type of wheelchair, manual wheelchairs mobilize by requiring the user to self-propel, or can be pushed by a companion or caregiver. They feature larger rear wheels for the user to grasp and push, and sometimes have an attendant bar or handles on the back for easier caregiver control.


Power Wheelchair - Perfect for people unable to propel manual wheelchairs, power wheelchairs utilize battery systems and electric motors to mobilize. Also known as an electric wheelchair, an Electric-Powered Wheelchair, or motorized wheelchair, a power wheelchair helps riders move about both indoors and outdoors with simple control, making these chairs a good choice for anyone with more physical involvement.


Sports Wheelchair - With a wide array of frame configurations specially formatted to meet the various demands of different sports, sports wheelchairs provide specific safety aspects along with reinforced and heavy-duty construction to withstand athletic and competitive sports applications. Even though they're robustly designed, they're often exceptionally lightweight for easier maneuverability.


Stand-Up Wheelchair - A stand-up wheelchair is a medical device that enables wheelchair users to safely stand with the help of innovative technology design aspects. Recommended for anyone with mild to severe disabilities, standing wheelchairs facilitate much easier transitions from sitting to standing positions, sometimes without requiring any caregiver assistance. Standing frames help wheelchair users attain and retain better health, aiding in the prevention of medical issues often associated with prolonged and extended sitting positions.


Tilt-in-Space Wheelchair - Providing exceptional pressure relief, tilt-in-space wheelchairs help to redistribute the wheelchair user's weight and provide unique positioning to improve health and comfort. Because a large portion of body weight is placed on the buttocks, back, and back of the thighs when sitting upright, which can create discomfort for extended periods of time, the tilt-in-space design helps reposition the user at various angles to optimize comfort and support healthy body processes.


Transport Wheelchair - Utilized for a wide range of mobility purposes, transport wheelchairs are designed for a caregiver or attendant to push. They're made with smaller wheels that the occupant would not be able to self-propel, and are often used to transport patients within medical, rehab, or care facilities. Transport chairs are usually much lighter in weight, with formats that are easier to propel for a caregiver or companion.


Ultra-Lightweight Wheelchair - Lightweight manual wheelchairs are easier for people to maneuver, self-propel, and travel with, along with being simpler for caregivers or companions to mobilize and store as well. Generally weighing less than 25 pounds, ultra-lightweight wheelchairs are a great choice for more active riders as they're so much simpler to turn and control.

If you are going to buy wheelchairs, whether it is manual or power, contact Maidesite, the wheelchairs manufacturer for more information.